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作者:admin点击:254 发布时间:2021-01-15

桑拿In today's earth, human beings, as the overlord at the top of the food chain, naturally have many advantages over other animals. For example, you can communicate through language.


Strange to say, many animals have vocal organs, but only humans can speak. Even the closest apes can't speak properly.


In the course of human history, some scientists have been tirelessly cultivating anthropoid apes to "speak human language". In addition to the scene of orangutan talking in cartoons, is it possible to appear in real life?


夜生活Can chimpanzees learn to talk when they are raised as human beings? Scientists have been doing such experiments for decades

Chimpanzees and humans have a genetic similarity of 96%, which can be said to be the closest species to humans. Will chimpanzees be the most likely species to learn human language? As early as the 1950s, some people have done experiments to teach orangutans to speak.


In 1951, the Hayes in the United States adopted a female chimpanzee named wiki. Chimpanzee's intelligence is about the same as that of a human 2-year-old or 3-year-old baby, so the Hayes raised wiki with their new born children, giving them equal care and opportunities to learn language.


The ideal result they envision is that wiki will progress with human children and master the ability to speak. However, the actual results made them urgently stop the experiment.


Can chimpanzees learn to talk when they are raised as human beings? Scientists have been doing such experiments for decades

Wiki chimpanzee did learn to utter a few simple English vowels and vaguely express a few simple words, but it never made any progress in human language learning. The first wish of raising a baby with a human being was to promote the learning process of chimpanzees, but it "taught" the baby badly.


Chimpanzees mature faster than human babies, so wiki learned all kinds of mischievous tricks earlier, and set a bad example for the daughter of "peer" Hayes.


At the same time, poor language ability also slowed down the language development process of Hayes's daughter. Seeing that the experiment was going against its original intention, the Hayes had to give up the experiment.


Can chimpanzees learn to talk when they are raised as human beings? Scientists have been doing such experiments for decades

Human beings have tried to train orangutans to speak more than once, but each time they failed. People admit that it is difficult for orangutans to speak.


But scientists have found that the way humans communicate with orangutans is not limited to language. It's very effective to teach orangutans sign language.


Can chimpanzees learn to talk when they are raised as human beings? Scientists have been doing such experiments for decades

In 1978, anthropologist Lynn Myers adopted Chantek, an orangutan, after many failures in oral English teaching. She didn't try her best to train the orangutan to speak as before, but unexpectedly found that it has amazing performance ability in sign language display.


Can chimpanzees learn to talk when they are raised as human beings? Scientists have been doing such experiments for decades

Lynn Myers and Chantek


When Chantek was only six months old, 品茶Lin started his upbringing and created a 20-year research project to teach Chantek sign language and human culture.


Lin treats Chantek like a child and lives with him at the University of Tennessee where Lin works. With loving upbringing, Chantek also showed more intelligence and understanding than his peers. In just a few weeks, Lin taught him to use simple words like apples and toys.


A few years later, Lin said Chantek had mastered 150 sign language words. It can respond to Lin's words. For example, when Lin asks where his neighbor's dog is, Chantek can quickly point in the right direction. When hurt or sad, Chantek is also considered to convey the injured action and negative emotions to Lin.

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